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Bank Loan – Meaning, Examples, Overview

You can lend someone money by handing them cash with the understanding that they will pay you back with interest. Before extending credit, a financial institution considers a borrower’s income, credit history, and prior debts. In the financial world, money can be “borrowed” from one person to another through a loan. The recipient of the loan (called the “borrower” in this context) incurs a financial obligation and must repay the loan’s principal and interest. Let us understand meaning of bank loan with example in this topic.

A mortgage is an illustration of a secured loan, whereas credit card debt is an illustration of an unsecured loan. Term loans have a fixed interest rate and repayment schedule. Whereas revolving loans and lines of credit allow you to borrow and repay an unlimited amount. If a lender deems a borrower to be a higher risk, he or she may charge the borrower a higher interest rate.

Meaning of Bank Loans

A bank loan is an arrangement between a lending institution and a borrower for the lending institution to provide the borrower with money for a shorter period of time. In order to keep their bank loan in good standing, the borrower will be require to pay a fixed amount of interest either monthly or annually.

Through a loan, you can quickly and conveniently obtain the necessary funds. Typically, borrowed funds are provided for a specified period of time. Various types of bank loans are offer to businesses, based on their needs.

They have the option of repaying both the principal and interest, or simply the interest. Because they are simple to acquire and can have flexible terms. Commercial mortgages are a popular alternative for firms seeking to acquire existing properties. Depending on the borrower’s requirements, bank loans may be either short- or long-term.

A loan secured by collateral is refer to as a “secured bank loan” or simply a “secured loan”. A good illustration of this concept is mortgage financing. For a loan of this amount, the bank would typically want collateral, such as a house. If mortgage payments aren’t made by the due date, the lender has the authority to foreclose and take ownership of the home to obtain their money back.

An unsecured bank loan is a loan from the bank that doesn’t require the borrower to put up any property as security. Most of the time, the interest rate on these loans is greater than typical because they come with additional risk. Even if it is a simple interbank loan to the central bank, it is still refer an interbank loan. Most of the time, when commercial banks need money, they go to the money markets.

Example of Bank Loans

Credit cards are revolving lines of credit that are generally unsecured and have higher interest rates than other types of consumer credit. Loans that can be utilize for business purposes and have periods of one to three years.

Long-term company loans are frequently back by real estate or other valuable assets. Most of the time, the interest rate on these loans is cheaper. Instead than buying pricey gear or other equipment, someone could opt to rent it instead.

If you own a business then knowing investment banker should be your primary goal. On a high-level they take care of organizing non-public offerings, negotiating mergers and acquisitions, arranging finances for you.

Overview of Loans

When you borrow money, you owe it to someone, whether it’s the lender or the borrower. Lender offers money to borrower, who is nearly invariably a human. Lender is usually a business, a financial institution, or a government entity. In exchange for the loan, the borrower agrees to these terms and agrees to pay the financing costs, interest, and pay back the bank loan on the date that was agreed upon before the loan was issued.

The interest rates that banks charge their customers are determine by the base rate established by the central bank. Commercial banks must borrow money from the Central Bank at this basic interest rate. If the base rate goes increased, it is likely that commercial banks will raise the interest rates they charge their customers for deposits and loans.

It’s very important to remember that there are other things to worry about. During a time of tight credit, it might be challenging to get the cash you need. Which would make lending between banks harder and more expensive. Since this is the case, loan rates may go up even if base rates stay the same.

Most likely, the lender won’t offer you credit if you don’t have something to back up the loan. Securities like bonds and certificates of deposit are one means to pay off debt (CDs). You can also access your retirement savings by taking out a loan from your 401(k).


Ideal for meeting long- and medium-term financial obligations. There are numerous different loan amounts, loan lengths, and interest rate options to pick from. You might also take holidays that boost both your cash flow and your potential to create money.

The interest rate on this sort of borrowing is frequently lower than the interest rate on more flexible (short-term) choices. And both the interest and the arrangement expenses are usually deductible from taxable income.

On its balance sheet, a company has a stronger net asset position when the value of its fixed assets is nearly the same as the value of its long-term loans. The company’s credit history might improve better if loan payments are completed on schedule.

Using a hedge or an interest exchange with, say, a bank loan can assist cut the overall cost of the loan and make it easier for the company to handle. Overdrafts and company credit cards can be very beneficial when it comes to meeting short-term needs like cash flow.