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Investment Risk Management – Meaning, Examples, Reduce Risk

What are the costs of lost opportunities? Who doesn’t feel a little uneasy when contemplating investing money in something that has inherent “risk”? To effectively manage risk when investing for the long term, it is not necessary to fully avoid risk. When dealing with risky investments, it is essential to employ investment risk management measures to reduce the likelihood of losing money. In light of this, this week’s blog post will discuss about meaning of investment risk management with examples and strategies to reduce the risk of investment.

You can learn about investment management before you proceed with the topic. Benjamin Graham is frequently refer to as the “father of value investing”. Surely you have heard of him. He realize that “risk management, not risk aversion” is the key to successful investing, not “risk aversion.” A positive affirmative response: “Yes! Investment risk is inherent, but it can be minimize by careful planning and competent administration.

Meaning of Investment Risk Management

Investment Risk management is the process of identifying, analyzing, and prioritizing hazards, followed by the coordinated and cost-effective application of resources to address them. The objectives of risk management are to decrease, monitor, and regulate the likelihood or consequences of undesirable outcomes, or to improve the likelihood of favorable outcomes.

The word “investment risk management” refers to a collection of techniques used in the financial industry to identify risks, assess their likelihood and severity, and determine the optimal response when they occur. “Risk management” is the process of analyzing and attempting to quantify the possibility for losses in an investment, such as “moral hazard,” and then taking the appropriate actions to achieve the fund’s investment objectives and the manager’s risk tolerance. This is done in order to achieve the fund’s investing objectives.

To obtain a return on an investment, you must constantly assume some risk. Investing in anything, whether U.S. Treasury notes, stocks in developing countries, or real estate in regions with strong inflation, carries the risk of financial loss. There are two ways to quantify risk: qualitatively and objectively. Investors can learn more about the advantages, downsides, and costs of the various investment strategies if they comprehend all sources of risk.

Understanding Risk Management

Risk management is usually one of the most essential aspects of the financial sector. This occurs, for instance, when a client requests a credit check from a bank prior to obtaining a personal line of credit, when a fund manager utilizes currency derivatives to decrease risk, and when an investor chooses U.S. Treasury bonds over corporate bonds. In order to manage risk, stockbrokers utilize options and futures contracts, whereas money managers spread out their assets and alter the size of their positions.

Ineffective risk management can have significant repercussions not only on businesses and individuals, but also on the economy as a whole. For instance, the 2008 subprime mortgage crisis contributed to the beginning of the Great Recession. This crisis was driven by reckless judgments made by lenders, investment businesses, and funds. The subsequent economic downturn was exacerbated as a result of these decisions.

How Does Investment Risk Management Works?

Typically, when we hear the word “risk,” we think of something undesirable. When it comes to investing, however, it is vital to take calculated risks, and you cannot divorce success from risk-taking. When discussing investments, “risk” typically refers to the possibility that actual results will differ from those anticipated. This difference may be express in absolute terms or relative to another metric, such as the market average. Both of these expressions are accurate.

The investment community as a whole interprets this movement, whether favourable or negative, as an indication of how effectively or poorly you achieved the portfolio objectives you set. So, taking on greater risk is necessary for bigger rewards. Most people believe that when there is greater danger, there are also greater price fluctuations. People who work in the field of investments are constantly searching for solutions to lessen this volatility, and they occasionally succeed. Nevertheless, they cannot seem to agree on a single strategy.

When it comes to investing, individuals should only assume as much risk as they are comfortable with, and investment professionals should only assume as much risk as their customers’ objectives can withstand. The standard deviation is nearly always utilize as one of the absolute risk measurements. This is a statistical word describing a method of measuring the data’s dispersion around a central tendency.

Example of Investment Risk Management

Between August 1, 1992 and July 31, 2007, for instance, the total return on the S&P 500 index was 10.7% per year. This was the time period from August 1, 1992 to July 31, 2007. However, it is unclear what this number indicates about the total period of time under consideration. During the same time period, the S&P 500 fluctuated by an average of 13.5%, as indicated by the standard deviation. During the majority of these 15 years, this was the difference between the average return and the true return.

When utilizing the bell curve model, results are approximately 67% of the time within one standard deviation of the mean and 95% of the time within two standard deviations of the mean. These percentages reflect the overall distribution of the data. A person who invests in the S&P 500 Index over this period can anticipate a return of 10.7 percent, a standard deviation of 13.5 percent (about 67 percent), and a change of 27.5 percent (two standard deviations) 95.5% of the time. If he believes he can withstand a loss, he will invest his money.

Strategies to Reduce Investment Risks

Risk management procedures are the actions that can be made to address and learn more about hazards. A risk management plan is a document that describes how an organization or group will identify and address potential hazards. This can be done for a business or other organization. In the following section, we’ll examine some of the potential strategies for mitigating the investment risk management of all financial investments.

Risk Tolerance

Risk tolerance is the amount an investor is willing to see the value of their investment decline. The amount of risk an investor is willing to assume is mostly determine by factors such as age and fiscal responsibility. For example, investors in their late 50s who are married and have college going children are less risk-tolerant. As compare to investors in their mid-20s who are unmarried and have fewer financial commitments due to having fewer children to support. Consequently, younger investors are typically more risk-tolerant than their elder counterparts.

If we begin investing as soon as possible; we will be able to construct a portfolio that consists of mainly stocks and is primarily aim toward gaining wealth rapidly. But individuals nearing retirement who wish to preserve their wealth should not utilise this technique. When we know the level of risk we are willing to assume, we will be able to select investments with a favorable risk-return profile.

Investment Risk Management By Diversification

Once the optimal asset allocation has been determine. Additional portfolio risk can be mitigate by diversifying holdings across other asset classes. This can be done once the optimal method for dividing assets has been determine. If you wish to invest in equities, you should allocate your capital between large, mid, and small cap equity mutual funds.

This will reduce the likelihood of losing all of your money. During market declines, the value of small-cap companies frequently declines far more rapidly than that of large-cap corporations. We can invest in a variety of asset classes. This may be able to reduce the overall risk of our portfolio.

Keep an Eye on the Time Instead of Time the Market

Instead of trying to time the market or purchase something immediately, we must adhere to a long-term plan for investing. This will allow us to maximise our profits. After that, and only then, will we be able to take advantage of compounding. If we keep our money in the market for a longer period of time. We will be better prepare for the market’s inevitable ups and downs.

You Must Examine Everything with Great Care

Especially now that you’re an adult with financial obligations. You should never invest money in something without first conducting thorough investigation. Consider measures such as the price-to-earnings ratio, the debt-to-equity ratio, and others when considering whether or not to purchase a company for the long term. A thorough review of the company’s primary business enables us to estimate its long-term performance. If we decide to invest in the stock market based only on the advice of others, our portfolio could suffer losses.

A Strategy for the Asset Allocation

Asset allocation is the practice of distributing investing capital among various types of assets. It is to get the highest feasible rate of return while maintaining a suitable risk-adjusted return. The objective of asset allocation is to achieve the highest potential rate of return while maintaining a suitable overall risk-adjusted return. Diversifying our portfolio entails purchasing a variety of assets. Including equities, bonds, mutual funds, real estate, and precious metals, among others.

This is possible because we have access to the stock market. Asset allocation is the process of investing in a variety of asset classes that have no positive association with one another. For example, we say that stocks are performing better than gold when equities are performing well and gold is performing poorly. Thus, gold is performing worse than stocks. When the stock market is performing well, gold typically performs poorly, and vice versa.

Keep Sufficient Funds in the Bank

Beware! There is never an ideal time to manage your finances. Therefore, we must be able to sell our investments at any time, regardless of market conditions. We will be able to mitigate this investment risk management to the extent that we maintain sufficient financial reserves. If we have sufficient liquid assets in our portfolio, our present investments will provide the highest long-term returns, and we will be able to profit when the market corrects.

A solid rule of thumb for keeping your portfolio liquid is to have an emergency fund with six to eight months worth of living expenses. We should always have quick access to our funds by placing them in low-risk investments such as liquid funds and overnight funds. This will ensure that we are prepare for any unanticipated expenses that may arise. After determining the amount of risk we’re willing to take and setting aside funds to ensure the liquidity of our portfolio. The following stage is to devise an effective asset allocation strategy.

Maintain a Portfolio of Blue-chip Equities

The simplest method to prevent your portfolio from losing money. Due to a lack of liquidity is to maintain its current allocation to blue-chip stocks and funds. Investors should investigate the debt instrument’s creditworthiness to minimize the risk of losing money due to a default. Always keep in mind that there is a risk of losing money on each investment you make.

Before making any kind of financial commitment, it is crucial to determine how much risk you are willing to assume. As we have already discussed. It is crucial to exercise caution while making investing decisions. So that you do not have to reduce your standard of living.

Constantly Maintaining a Tight Watch on it

After considering the aforementioned factors, it is essential to monitor your investment portfolio so you do not lose money. Even if you want to hold onto your investments for a long period, you should still monitor their performance. You should make it a practise to regularly review the performance of your investment portfolio.

As a long-term investor, you should disregard these changes and only make adjustments when your assets have under-performed for an extended period of time. Some types of assets, such as stocks, have a propensity for short-term volatility.


Due to the fact that every investment has its own degree of unpredictability. It is difficult to construct a portfolio of assets that can guarantee safety at all times. Therefore, if you employ the aforementioned tactics of investment risk management. We can ensure that you will discover a good balance between risk and reward. This is because these techniques have proven effective in the past