# What is an Actuary? Definition, Examples & How Actuary Works

The insurance sector employs the vast majority of actuaries. An insurance actuary is someone who makes a livelihood by analyzing risk. This is accomplished by the application of statistics, and financial mathematics.

Learn about what is insurance before starting off. It is the degree of risk that insurance firms are willing to accept and the profits that they earn that determines how successful their businesses are. As a result, they must use strong analytical and statistical abilities to assess the risks and potential rewards connected with each proposal they receive.

## What is an Actuary?

Business professionals that specialize in the assessment and management of risk and uncertainty in financial markets are called as actuary. Actuarial science is the name of the field that corresponds to this. Due to the fact that these risks may influence both sides of the balance sheet, asset management, liability management, and valuation abilities are required. Actuaries give evaluations of financial security systems, with a particular emphasis on the complexity, mathematics, and processes of the systems under consideration.

## Who is called an actuary?

An actuary is a professional with knowledge in the disciplines of economics, statistics, and mathematics who contributes to the risk assessment and calculation of premiums for the benefit of an insurance company.

## Examples of Actuary

Consider the following example of actuary to understand it better. An actuary determines the insurance premium that a driver should be paid for vehicle insurance that pays \$7,500 in the event that the driver is involved in a car accident First and foremost, the actuary will need to establish (by statistical analysis) how probable it is that the motorist will be involved in an accident. It is possible to compute the premium to charge based on this information.

## What is an Insurance Actuary?

An actuary is a professional who utilizes financial statistics and mathematics to predict the financial effect of uncertainty and to assist customers in reducing risk. In the insurance industry, actuaries assist in the assessment of risks, which allows businesses to better estimate the rates they will charge for their policies.

This type of study aids insurance firms in the development of insurance plans. As a result of their training and experience, actuaries can assess the risk of insuring diverse groups of individuals based on their lifestyle, health, location, and other variables.

Knowing the risks associated with insuring someone allows insurance policies to be priced in a way that generates a profit. Many forms of insurance are underwritten by insurance firms, which rely on actuaries to evaluate risk. This can include life insurance, property insurance, liability insurance, vehicle insurance, house insurance, and other types of insurance.

## Need for Insurance

Since the birth of civilization, risk sharing has arisen as a result of the fundamental necessities of communal interests. People who spent their whole lives in a camp, for example, ran the danger of being displaced if a fire broke out, leaving their band or family without shelter.

When a creditor was concerned about repayment in the case of the borrower’s death or incapacity, obtaining credit was a tough proposition. Alternatively, people might live for an excessive amount of time financially, depleting their resources, if they had any, or becoming a burden on their extended families or society as a whole.

After the invention of barter, more complicated hazards arose, as well as new types of risk manifesting themselves. Commercial travelers run the danger of losing products entrusted to them, as well as their personal property and, in the worst cases, their lives. Because of the development of intermediaries to warehouse and sell commodities, they were exposed to financial risk. People who were the major breadwinners in extended families or homes were at danger of dying early, being disabled, or becoming infirm, which might leave their dependents hungry.

## An Example of How an Actuary Works

Actuaries must be well-versed in the corporate world, possess strong analytical abilities, and be cognizant of the ways in which human behaviour impacts risk. When it comes to the insurance industry. Let’s take a look at some instances of actuarial work to get you started.

• Encouraged by the favourable feasibility assessment from the actuary, the Library Board made the decision to proceed with the building of a new branch location.
• Actuaries compute premiums for policyholders based on the costs incurred by the issuer. They also make estimates of damage following major catastrophes such as hurricanes or earthquakes, among other things.
• Using information about the house’s location, structural components, and weather patterns, the actuary was able to forecast the chance that the house would be damaged by a storm.

You can look at roles of actuaries in insurance and other financial sectors to get much depth knowledge on their roles and responsibilities.

## What are the Two Types of Actuaries?

The majority of actuarial sciences may be divided into two categories: non-life insurance and life insurance.

Those who work in the non-life insurance industry, often known as property and casualty or general insurance actuaries, are responsible for dealing with both physical and legal risks that impact people or their possessions. Their work involves the sale of a variety of products, including automobile and homeowner’s insurance, commercial and industrial property insurance, workers’ compensation, malpractice insurance, product liability insurance, marine insurance, terrorism insurance, and various other types of liability insurance.

Life actuaries, which include health and pension actuaries, are primarily concerned with the risks associated with mortality, morbidity, and investment. Life insurance, annuities, pensions, short and long-term disability insurance, health insurance, health savings accounts, and long-term care insurance are among the products that they work with. In addition to these hazards, public opinion, politics, financial restrictions, changing demographics, and other variables such as medical technology, inflation, and cost of living concerns all have an impact on social insurance schemes.

Actuaries are also sought after for their knowledge and experience in the field of business risk management. This can include things like dynamic financial analysis, stress testing, the creation of company risk policy, and the establishment and operation of corporate risk departments, among other things. There are many different types of actuaries also active in other aspects of the financial services sector, such as assessing balance sheet, financial statements, market research and more.

## Conclusion

Advanced statistical and analytical abilities are required in the insurance industry for the evaluation of risks and rewards connected with each proposal. A vital role in the functioning and profitability of every insurance company is played by actuaries. They contribute to the firm’s success by bringing their knowledge of premium calculation for various insurance policies, rating methodologies, and reserves, among other things.